During adolescence, every healthy woman goes through significant changes in her body, preparing for a probable pregnancy and childbirth. Menstruation (or the menses) – a vaginal discharge, occurring in the process of endometrium (a layer of the mucous membrane) separation from the splanchnic wall of the uterus. When the endometrium peels off from the walls and is sloughed, the blood vessels bare, resulting in the most visible part of the menses – the bleeding.
The menstrual bleeding occurs once a month approximately and usually lasts from 3 to 5 days. The whole process of endometrium renewal is called the menstrual cycle, which lasts for about 20 – 35 days. The beginning of the menstrual cycle is reckoned from the first day of every menses.
Nowadays, the age, when the first menstrual cycle occurs, may vary from 11-13 up to 16-18 years. Such a difference in the occurrence of this crucially important stage in the body development is absolutely natural. The time, when the menses start, and the way they proceed is influenced by many factors: physical development of a girl, hereditary background, general health condition, living conditions and climate.
During menstruation, woman may feel sleepiness, faintness and pain, because her body is particularly vulnerable at this time. Therefore, it is very important to know what should be reasonably restricted and what completely avoided in “these days”.
It’s recommended to reduce physical exercises: sports, weight lifting and other activities – all of these can increase pain, which often occurs during menstruation, cause sickliness and even vomiting. To avoid this, you need to rest more, sleep or to use other methods of mitigating fatigue (such as meditation). The latter will also treat the nervousness, which accompanies the menses.
It’s not recommended to swim and take a bath. First of all, the uterine cervix is less protected from the contacts with various infections, because it is slightly open. Second, heat promotes afflux of blood to the lower pelvis, which results in increased bleeding. Because of this dizziness and fatigue may arise.
Taking baths is not very aesthetically pleasing during the menstrual period, but at the same time, hygiene must not be neglected! Intimate washing and taking a shower is particularly important during these days, because blood – a breeding grounds for bacterial growth.
Prior to the beginning of the menses, it’s recommended to complete the diet with the products, containing iron, protein, calcium and folic acid, so that to avoid deficiency of these elements during menstruation due to blood loss. They are involved in clotting and regeneration of blood and their deficiency can produce a negative effect on the body.
During this period, medications should be taken with care. If possible – refuse taking the drugs that affect clotting and blood formation. Antispastic drugs will help to cope with the muscle pain.