Foreign films have long gained worldwide popularity. And how much of them were produced in Spain? Given the fact that only one of the five films in Spain is Spanish, there are not so much of them worldwide. But it is very bright, expressive, temperamental movies which is worth watching and talking about. Few people know, but certainly the Spanish cinema gave the world such beloved Hollywood celebrities as: Penelopa Cruz, Antonio Banderas, Fernando Rey, Javier Bardem. Needless to say about such directors as Alejandro Amenabar and Pedro Almodovar, who can be considered geniuses of modern directing.
The era of the cinema came to Spain in the late 19th century with the works of brothers Lumiere. That’s also the time of the first steps in the creation of Spanish films. It was, in fact, a documentary presented by silent short films. And in 1897, “A quarrel in a café” was published. It was the film by Fructuosa Glambert – his first directing work and the first Spanish film shot according to the script.
In 1914 Barcelona was the center of cinematography. At that time patriotic historical films were popular. A vivid example of this kind of movies was “Aragonese Nobility” (the first version). Later, the melodrama, historical drama was shoot. Stage plays were filmed
By 1928 Madrid became the center of the movies. First movie enthusiasts club appeared there. The first film dubbed in Spain was “The Mystery of the Puerta del Sol” and it was created right in
In 1931 foreign sound films came to this country. Spanish films were not able to compete with them and they passed their position. The only one film was created that year in Spain. But a year later Manuel Casanove founded the film company CIFESA in Spain, that released 6 films in its first year, and created about 37 ones in 1935.
The difficult times began for the Spain in 1936. There were two warring camps and the cinema was the weapon in the political struggle. At this time movie was being used in a political propaganda and censorship. Many professional filmmakers began to leave the country.
But, in spite of everything, life of cinema continued. And in September 1953 in San Sebastian, the first Movie Festival was held. It was never interrupted since that year. Since 1955 actors-children became popular. There were a lot of films, where they participated. But post-war films were evaluated as heartless, cruel and industrially weak.
Positive changes in Spanish movie began to occur after the 1962. Government funding of the movie increased right at that time, and the state film school was rapidly developed. The dictatorship ended, and it the strict censorship left along.
Spanish cinema was starting to conquer the world stage in the 80-ies of the 20-th century. It happens, right in that time, when young genius director Pedro Almodovar appeared of the scene with his film “Women on the verge of a nervous breakdown”.
Another director form Spain, Alejandro Amenbar, also declared himself in the 90-ies. His first work “Dissertation” got high marks on European film festivals and received 7 awards “Goya” on his motherland for the best directing the best screenplay. All big victories prove that Spain cinema is not inferior to any other foreign film studios, and sometimes even surpasses them.